linux
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Linux users always love to work with the terminal rather than the Graphical user interface, using the terminal isn’t fancy but fast, In this post, we will be discussing the most used Linux Commands that you should know, these commands will surely increase your productivity and save your valuable time, one thing to consider is you may feel familiar with the commands but less used

As a pentester, we use Kali Linux or Parrot Os and our goal is to introduce the most used commands for better productivity and will be usable on almost all Linux Distributions

Kali Linux basic commands

 

OS Release Check

cat /etc/os-release

We use this command quite often to check the version and release notes of our operating systems

cat

Cat command is used to read the files in the terminal itself, you can read text files or bash scripts etc

all you have to type the command along with the file, eg cat file.txt

Ping

ping google

the ping command is used to check the status of the service, but most of us use this command to check our internet connection or to get the IP address of the website

 

ifconfig

ifconfig

used to find out your local machine’s IP address, MAC address, and many other routing addresses

host

host google.com

Host command is used for DNS lookup

dig

dig google.com

dig command also used for Gathering Domain Name System Information

nslookup

nslookup google.com

This command also fulfils the same purpose as dig and host

curl

curl

curl is used to send  HTTP requests to the host using your terminal, it also supports many other network protocols such as FTP, you can download files using curl but not likely recommended

wget

wget

Wget command is used to download the files from any URL, it also supports HTTP, HTTPS, FTP etc

 

grep

grep

This command is used extracting text from a file, it can be combined with regular expressions, we use it to extract URLs from files, you can use as per your requirements

ls

ls

ls command is used to display all the Files and Folders in

pwd

ls

pwd command is used to print the Present Working Directory

cd

cd home

the cd command is used to Change the Working directory, it helps us to move from one folder to another folder within the terminal

 

mkdir

mkdir

mkdir command is used to create a new folder, eg mkdir test

will create a new folder named test

cp

cp

cp command is used to copy the files from one folder to another, eg cp file /tofolder

mv

mv

mv command is used to Rename files and move files from one folder to another folder

rm

rm

the rm command is used to remove/delete files, it can also be used to remove folders with their content eg, rm -rf folder

rmdir

rmdir is similar to rm, it deletes the empty folders

chmod

chmod

chmod is used to give different permissions to files, usually read, write, execute

find

find

find command is used for finding the files, it prints the path if the file exists

locate

locate

Locate command is servers the same as find  command

vim

vim

Vim is a file editor, it works inside the terminal, it’s not a difficult tool to use but most beginners are stuck here

nano

nano

Nano is also a text editor and it also works inside the terminal

touch

touch

the touch command is used to create a new empty file

top

top

commands will display the running programs in real-time

ps

ps

ps is similar to top and will display the running processes

kill

kill

the command kill is used to end the process by giving the service name or process id

history

history

The history command is used to display the previously typed command in the terminal

sort

sort

the sort command is used to arrange the items in a particular order

zip

zip

zip command is used to zip files and folders

unzip

unzip

unzip command is used to unzip a zipped file

>> this command can be used to save the output from the terminal in a file eg: whoami >> text.txt

 

We have shared the Kali Linux basic commands, which one should be familiar with and there are many other commands out there, you can explore them on your own

Here are some of the useful Sheetsheets shared by the Infosec Community

kali linux sheets

linux sheet sheet

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