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The reality we see is not the reality that actually exists outside of the mind’s imagination:

It’s a fundamental neurological fact: our senses collect information about the outside world and the brain processes it in ways to enhance our survival.
As you go up the evolutionary ladder, brains become more complex and more sensory organs are built around it: eyes, ears, noses, tongues, etc. Each one of these specialized organs responds to the world in a different way. Our eyes, for example, react to light waves that stimulate retinal color cones, and this information is relayed to our visual cortex where imaginary colors are encoded with word-based cues for later identification. But the part of our brain where we “see” the world is in our frontal cortex, and very little information is sent to it by our visual centers.
What we see is more like a movie that blends light waves and sound waves and inner emotional experiences into a story that is far removed from the reality that actually exists. All neuroscientists agree with this premise, which is why they love to study optical illusions.

Consciousness is created in the brain the moment we wake up and voluntarily move our body:

For decades, behaviorists didn’t want to deal with the mind or the notion of consciousness, but we now know that dopamine – a pleasure chemical – gets released from the motivational center located deep in our ancient brain. The chemical stimulates tiny areas in our frontal lobe – right above our eyes – which makes us aware of the outside world.
If the sounds, sights, smells, and sensations are pleasurable and interesting, this tiny bit of consciousness (which most neuroscientists now attribute to all mammals and many other living organisms) pushes us to move toward that object of our interest. If is the sensation is unpleasant, the fear and pain centers in our brain are triggered and we’ll involuntarily retreat from the world.

Even a single neuron has qualities of consciousness that we attribute to human beings:

Eric Kandel won the Nobel Prize for showing that a nerve cell from a sea slug can be trained to become more curious about the environment. When this happens, it grows new axons and dendrites from the neuron’s body, allowing it to send and receive more information to other neighboring cells.
A single neuron can learn and store that information into memory, and it can also be traumatized, causing it to retract its dendrites and axons as it becomes more fearful about the world. Here, in a single neuron, we can begin to understand the nature of motivation and anxiety.

Consciousness, as we experience it in daily living, can only hold about four “chunks” of information in working memory for a brief period of time.:

We have the illusion that we are conscious of hundreds of things at one time: colors, things moving around us, awareness of what we are striving to achieve, etc.
However, we can only be aware of a tiny bit of information at a time. A single word is a “chunk” of information, and it’s almost impossible to remember any sentence that has more than 7-10 words.
Try it right now: see if you can accurately recall a single sentence you’ve just read prior to this one! This has many benefits. For example: you can’t focus on a positive and negative experience or memory at the same time. So if you’re feeling pain, do something pleasurable and can shift your attention and not be aware of the pain.

Memories are not real.:

This may seem obvious, but when we’re dealing with negative emotions, fears, worries, and doubts, it’s essential to remember that the feeling has less to do with the present moment than we may think.
The brain has a preference to embed negative memories (another mind-blowing fact that most people don’t know about) because the organism needs to respond to future threats faster than our conscious minds can respond. When a real emergency takes place – like someone driving their car into your lane – the consciousness in your frontal lobes is turned down so that your instinctual reactiveness can take evasive action. When people say “everything seemed to slow down,” they were experiencing the slowing of everyday consciousness as a more ancestral form of awareness took over the body’s control.
However, when there is real threat, the brain still will respond to a negative memory as if it were a threat that was occurring in the present moment.
The more you ruminate on the possibility that something awful may happen, the more your brain releases stress chemicals to prepare the body for that famous “fight-or-flight” response. But then your brain sees that there’s no real threat. The result: confusion and the release of more stress neurochemicals. If you don’t interrupt this nasty problem, you’ll damage many parts of your brain. Memories, by the way, are very inaccurate, and each time they are recalled they are slightly changed. Autobiographical memories are particularly prone to distortion.

You need to practice a 5:1 “Positivity Ratio” if you want to build optimism and resilience to stress.:

This profoundly important discovery put the field of Positive Psychology on the map. Neurologically, your right prefrontal cortex constantly generates a stream of negative thoughts and feelings. Your left prefrontal lobe is more optimistic and is designed to make decisions that improve your success at achieving goals you desire.
Since consciousness is limited, you have a choice: you can ruminate on negativity or focus on solution-based goals, but you can’t do both at the same time. Fredrickson, Gottman, and Losada independently came to the same conclusion when they counted the number of positive and negative comments and facial expressions made by couples or by board members. If the ratio of positive thoughts to negative thoughts falls below 3:1, those are the relationships and businesses most likely to fail. The most successful couples and corporations were those where everyone involved generated more than a 5:1 positivity ratio.
Why does a person have to consciously create more positive thoughts and feelings? To overcome the brain’s propensity to turn negative experiences into memories. The great news: you can easily train your brain to interrupt negativity and generate optimistic thoughts.

Our beliefs shape our reality more than our sensations, and they govern nearly every aspect of our lives.:

Our memories form the basis of habitual behavior and they also form the foundation of our belief systems. A belief is a thought process – an assessment of the world and the value we place on a behavior or ideal. The more we repeat a certain thought, the more “real” that thought becomes. Because everything we believe in also has a corresponding non-belief, the brain does something odd. It rejects any information, or anyone, that interferes with that belief. It’s a natural neurological process and it explains why human beings are so prone to prejudice. The moment we identify ourselves with one group (political, religious, social, or even a sports team) the less respect we show toward people who are members of different groups. We need to remind ourselves that our labels – our beliefs, our memories, even our perceptions of the world – are not real. Instead they are arbitrary categories that our brain uses to organize the sensations coming in from an unknown world.

Pleasure is one of the most important sensations for maintaining physical health, emotional balance, and business success.:

Compared to other animals, we are the least sensual mammals on this planet, but when it comes to building self-confidence and self-esteem, we need to nurture ourselves. Stroking one’s palms can eliminate performance anxiety, slowly brushing one’s arms decreases negative emotions, and engaging in pleasant physical activity improves work productivity. Pleasure releases dopamine, and dopamine motivates us to work harder, and all you have to do is to slowly stretch your arms, neck and torso two or three times an hour for 10 seconds

Daydreaming and mind-wandering are essential for learning and maintaining a healthy brain:

Consciousness involves a highly focused and concentrated form of attention, but the neurochemicals involved in hard work are quickly expended. If you take a couple of “daydreaming” breaks each hour – just closing your eyes and letting your thoughts and feelings wander to wherever they want to go – you’ll feel completely refreshed after a minute or two. Daydreaming is an essential process for encoding new information into long-term memory, and it also stimulates the creativity circuits in your frontal lobes.

Too much stress disrupts every neural activity in your brain.:

It can come from intense concentration, worrying, or procrastination. The fastest way to interrupt it is yawning. It lowers the hyper-activity in frontal lobe functioning. If you combine yawning with slow stretching and gentle stroking of your arms and hands, you’ll enter a very deep state of relaxation in 60 seconds or less.

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